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 Counter-Racism Science Project Competition -Detailed Scientific Method

Counter-Racism Science Project Competition Detailed Scientific Method

The following is a review of the Scientific Method with some key questions and directions on how to design and conduct an experiment.


  • What is your goal?
  • What idea are you trying to test?
  • What is the scientific question you are trying to answer?


  • Explain how you think your project can demonstrate your purpose.
  • Make a prediction regarding the outcome of your experiment.
  • State the results you are predicting in measurable terms.


  • Give a detailed explanation of how you will conduct the experiment to test your hypothesis.
  • Be clear about the variables (elements of the experiment that change to test your hypothesis) versus your controls (elements of the experiment that do not change).
  • Be very specific about how you will measure results to prove or disprove your hypothesis. You should include a regular timetable for measuring results or observing the projects (for example, every hour, every day, every week).
  • Your procedure should be like a recipe - Another person should be able to perform your experiment following your procedure. Test this with a friend or parent to be sure you have not forgotten anything.


  • List all materials and equipment that were used.
  • Your list of materials should include all of the ingredients of the procedure recipe.


  • Keep a detailed journal of observations, data, and results. Your journal should contain data measurements and written notes about what you are sensing (hearing, seeing, or touching) about your experiment.
  • If appropriate, photograph your project results or phases of the project to help your analysis and possibly to demonstrate your experiment on your exhibit board.


  • Explain your observations, data, and results. This is a summary of what your data has shown you.
  • List the main points that you have learned.
  • Why did the results occur? What did your experiment prove?
  • Was your hypothesis correct? Did your experiment prove or disprove your hypothesis? This should be explained thoroughly.


  • Answer your problem/purpose statement.
  • What does it all add up to? What is the value of your project?
  • What further study do you recommend given the results of your experiment? What would be the next question to ask?
  • If you repeated this project, what would you change?

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