Science Project Competition Detailed Scientific
following is a review of the Scientific Method
with some key questions and directions on how
to design and conduct an experiment.
- What is your goal?
- What idea are you trying to test?
- What is the scientific question
you are trying to answer?
- Explain how you think your project
can demonstrate your purpose.
- Make a prediction regarding the
outcome of your experiment.
- State the results you are predicting
in measurable terms.
- Give a detailed explanation of how
you will conduct the experiment to test your
- Be clear about the variables (elements
of the experiment that change to test your hypothesis)
versus your controls (elements of the experiment
that do not change).
- Be very specific about how you will
measure results to prove or disprove your hypothesis.
You should include a regular timetable for measuring
results or observing the projects (for example,
every hour, every day, every week).
- Your procedure should be like a
recipe - Another person should be able to perform
your experiment following your procedure. Test
this with a friend or parent to be sure you
have not forgotten anything.
- List all materials and equipment
that were used.
- Your list of materials should include
all of the ingredients of the procedure recipe.
- Keep a detailed journal of observations,
data, and results. Your journal should contain
data measurements and written notes about what
you are sensing (hearing, seeing, or touching)
about your experiment.
- If appropriate, photograph your
project results or phases of the project to
help your analysis and possibly to demonstrate
your experiment on your exhibit board.
- Explain your observations, data,
and results. This is a summary of what your
data has shown you.
- List the main points that you have
- Why did the results occur? What
did your experiment prove?
- Was your hypothesis correct? Did
your experiment prove or disprove your hypothesis?
This should be explained thoroughly.
- Answer your problem/purpose statement.
- What does it all add up to? What
is the value of your project?
- What further study do you recommend
given the results of your experiment? What would
be the next question to ask?
- If you repeated this project, what
would you change?